The state program of infrastructure development "Nurly Zhol" is one of the key drivers of the national economy. This is not only the emergence of modern highways, but also the growth of the country's GDP, new jobs, an increase in transit traffic flows. At the same time, the main emphasis was put on the construction of modern and high-quality roads. The results of the implementation of "Nurly Zhol" in 2018 are presented in the review material of PrimeMinister.kz.
The goal of the state program is to integrate the country's macroregions by building an efficient infrastructure. The Program envisages the construction and reconstruction of more than 7 thousand kilometers of republican roads and the repair of more than 10 thousand kilometers.
According to the Ministry of Industry and Infrastructure Development, in 2018, within the framework of this Program, 24 projects for the construction and reconstruction of republican roads with a total length of 4.6 thousand km were carried out.
According to the results of 2018, traffic at 528 km was opened under construction and reconstruction facilities.
In 2018, the traffic was opened in the following sections:
• Center - East - 243 km;
• Center - South - 30 km;
• Uralsk - Kamenka - 35 km;
• Beineu - Akzhigit - 85 km;
• Almaty - Taldykorgan (Sarkand bypass) - 16 km;
• Kordai bypass - 19 km;
• Astana - Petropavlovsk - Russian border (to Kurgan) - 25 km;
• Taskesken - Bakhty - 10 km;
• Schuchinsk - Zerenda - 30 km;
• Taldykorgan - Ust-Kamenogorsk - 20 km;
• Kalbatau - Maikapshagay - 9 km;
• Southwestern bypass of Astana - 6 km.
Fully completed work under projects:
• Uralsk - Kamenka - 73 km;
• Kordai bypass - 40 km;
• Beineu - Aktau - 60 km;
• Kapshagay - Taldykorgan - 40 km.
In total, in 2018, work covered 592 km of roads.
Toll roads as a tool to ensure safe and comfortable passage
In 2018, works were completed on the construction of a toll collection system in Astana-Temirtau, Almaty-Kapshagai and Almaty-Khorgos sections with a total length of 471 km and a transition to a test mode was carried out.
At present, on these sections, the system is being set up and tested for further smooth operation. Collection of funds for travel on these sextions is scheduled to begin in the second half of January 2019. The money received from charging will be used solely for its maintenance.
It should be noted that in accordance with the Law “On highways”, the fare on roads is introduced when the condition of increased quality of travel is met, ensuring a high, safe speed of traffic throughout their length.
In general, the introduction of toll payments on the roads will reduce the burden on the republican budget and maintain the proper quality of the reconstructed roads, as well as ensure comfortable and safe travel.
Within the framework of “Nurly Zhol”, by 2020, it is planned to introduce 6.5 thousand km of toll roads.
The main projects of "Nurly Zhol"
The state program of infrastructural development "Nurly Zhol" is aimed at creating a single economic market of Kazakhstan through the formation of macro-regions of the country with the definition of the cities of Astana, Almaty, Aktobe, Shymkent, Ust-Kamenogorsk as national and international hub cities with modern infrastructure and ensuring integration into the international transport system. We note several main projects of the Program.
So, according to the Kandyagash-Makat project in 2018, work was carried out at 4 sections. 24 km of binding course was completed.
According to Zhetybai - Zhanaozen project, work was carried out at two sections. As a result, 17 km of the wearing course was laid and 81 km of the binding course was constructed in one direction.
As part of the Western Europe - Western China project, a tunnel is being constructed in the Turkestan region. Works on concreting the tunnel 445 m (left 340 m and right 105 m) and drilling 780 m (left 350 m and right 430 m) were completed.
Also in 2018, work on the procurement of construction materials and the construction of the subgrade were carried out on Kurty-Burylbaital section.
Under Uzynagash-Otar project, preparatory work has begun on two sections.
In August 2018, in Kuryk port launched a car ferry terminal, built during the second phase of the port development.
The capacity of the ferry terminal today is more than 2 million tons. The ferry terminal has the ability to simultaneously handle two ferries. The terminal contains checkpoints and inspection of vehicles with a radiation monitoring system, and passenger checkpoints. The water area of the port from the west and east is enclosed by protective hydraulic structures. Navigation support for navigation of vessels in the port water area and at the approaches to it is provided by the ship traffic control system. A car access road was built to the port, which made it possible to connect it to the republican road network.
The procedure for processing cargo documents on the principle of “one window” was organized in the port and provided a preliminary exchange of information with the port of Baku; on average, it takes no more than 4 hours to process one ferry. By the end of 2019, the MIID RK plans to complete the automation of production processes and integrate the port information system with the Nomad control system.
According to the ministry, for 11 months of 2018, 4.5 million tons were handled through the seaport of Aktau, which is 25% higher than the figure for the same period in 2017. At the same time, through the three new dry-cargo terminals of the port of Aktau from the beginning of their operation until December 1, 2018, 2.7 million tons of cargo were transshipped.
Also, in 2016, the construction of the railway ferry terminal of the Kuryk port with a capacity of 4 million tons was completed and in 2018 the automobile ferry terminal, built as part of the second phase of the development of the Kuryk port, was launched. Since the start of operation of the Kuryk ferry complex, about 3 million tons of cargo or more than 43 thousand cars and 2 thousand wheeled vehicles have been transshipped.
In general, the implementation of the above projects has increased the capacity of the seaports of Aktau and Kuryk to 26 million tons.
In the framework of the state program "Nurly Zhol" by 2020:
• reconstruction and construction are planned to cover about 7 thousand km of roads;
• the number of transit container traffic will be increased 10 times - up to 2 million containers;
• transit air traffic will increase 4 times - up to 1.6 million.
Modernization of heat, water supply and drainage networks
At present, most housing and public utilities are used with an above norm of lifecycle. Basically, it is a heat, water supply and drainage network.
In order to carry out accelerated modernization of housing and public utilities, budget crediting and subsidies are provided under the Nurly Zhol State Program.
The main indicators in the implementation of measures for the modernization of housing and public utilities is to reduce the wear of the networks of heat and water supply, drainage from 65% in 2015 to 57% by 2020 and to improve the quality of services provided to consumers.
Thus, the plan is to construct and reconstruct 3,478.6 km of heat, water and wastewater networks, 29 boiler houses and 95 units of other facilities.
In general, during the implementation of the State Program from 2015 to 2018, 2,982 km of heat, water supply and drainage networks, 24 boiler houses, 71 units of other facilities were constructed and reconstructed. As a result of the measures taken, the wear of networks from 2015 decreased from 65% to 57%.
Creation of new work places
Implementation of projects in the field of water transport, including the construction of 3 new dry cargo terminals in the port of Aktau, the construction of a ferry complex in the Kuryk port, the acquisition of 2 dry cargo vessels and the purchase of 6 ships of the state technical fleet, created about 450 new jobs.
Over the years of the program, more than 100,000 work places have been created in the field of road projects. In the direction of modernization of the systems of heat, water supply and drainage for the period from 2015-2018, 7640 temporary and 472 permanent jobs were created.